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Mahatma Gandhi has come to be known as the Father of India and a beacon of light in … [2] Growing numbers of Indians joined them along the way. Porträt von Mahatma Gandhi picture-alliance / Reportdienste picture alliance / Bifab. [90][91], Series of commemorative stamps were issued in 1980 and 2005, on the 50th and 75th anniversaries of the Dandi March.[92]. Die jährliche Veranstaltung in Durban ehrt den Marsch, der im Jahr 1930 in Indien während, die Gandhi, gewaltfreien Protest gegen die britische Salzsteuer aufgetreten vorgeschlagen, freies Indien von der britischen Kontrolle zu helfen. Geschichtsträchtige Protestaktion: Gandhis Salzmarsch. Genom att arrestera Gandhi hoppades kolonialregeringen kunna isolera honom från sina anhängare och beröva honom det politiska inflytandet. Blaine.[80]. Für Unabhängigkeit und gegen das englische Salzmonopol: Mahatma Gandhi bricht mit seinen Anhängern zum spektakulären Salzmarsch auf. April 1930 Ein Mann bewegt die Massen. Every day, more and more people joined the march, until the procession of marchers became at least 3 km long. [36] Events at each village were scheduled and publicised in Indian and foreign press.[37]. Pacifist Mahatma Gandhi. 14.000-Kilometer-Marsch für Mahatma Gandhi startet. Mahatma Gandhi gilt allgemein als der furchtlose Kämpfer, der mit den Mitteln des gewaltlosen Widerstands die Unabhängigkeit Indiens von der übermächtigen britischen Kolonialmacht im August 1947 errungen hat. Gandhi (2001), p. 6. 70 63 13. It was the first time the two held talks on equal terms,[82] and resulted in the Gandhi–Irwin Pact. Porbandar, Ahensiyang Kathiawar, Britanikong India. Der Salzmarsch war die spektakulärste Kampagne, die Gandhi während seines Kampfes um Unabhängigkeit initiierte. Mahatma Gandhi Portrait. For the first time in … Mahatma Gandhi's non-violent activism allowed thousands of Indians from all walks of life to participate in the fight for independence. Calcutta. Der gleichnamige Bodentyp findet sich unter, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salzmarsch&oldid=209250634, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. [52] Near the end of the march, Gandhi declared, "I want world sympathy in this battle of right against might."[53]. An item of daily use could resonate more with all classes of citizens than an abstract demand for greater political rights. Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent Indian political leader who was a leading figure in the campaign for Indian independence. When they reached the railhead at Dandi, more than 50,000 were gathered. Mahatma Gandhi Statue. [4] Although over 60,000 Indians were jailed as a result of the Salt Satyagraha,[5] the British did not make immediate major concessions.[6]. History Of Colonialism in India Prior to the colonial era in India, the country was a highly prosperous nation, divided into several kingdoms, ruled by … A pinch of salt made by Gandhi himself sold for 1,600 rupees (equivalent to $750 at the time). Mahatma Gandhi Great Quotes with Images. Mahatma ”stor ande” Gandhi föddes år 1869 i Indien.Familjen Gandhi var hinduer av medelklassen som tillhörde köpmankasten. [13] Gandhi's plan was to begin civil disobedience with a satyagraha aimed at the British salt tax. Salt Satyagraha succeeded in drawing the attention of the world. He is also called Bapu in India (Gujarati endearment for "father", "papa"). His group started from Tiruchirappalli, in Madras Presidency (now part of Tamil Nadu), to the coastal village of Vedaranyam. Dabei zog Gandhi mit 78 seiner Anhänger ab dem 12. Gandhi felt that this would bring the poor into the struggle for sovereignty and self-rule, necessary for eventual victory. The only thing that was asked of the villagers was food and water to wash with. It was the first act of organized opposition to British rule after en:Purna Swaraj, the declaration of independence by the Indian National Congress. März 1930 bracht Mahatma Gandhi von seinem Ashram Sabarmati bei Ahmadabad zum „Salzmarsch“ nach Dandi am Arabischen Meer auf. "Nehru, who had been skeptical about salt as the primary focus of the campaign, realized how wrong he was ...", "Gandhi's ideas about satyagraha and swaraj, moreover, galvanised the thinking of Congress cadres, most of whom by 1930 were committed to pursuing sovereignty and self-rule by nonviolent means. PMID: 29015340 PMCID: PMC5200504 No … Appealing for violence to end, at the same time Gandhi honoured those killed in Chittagong and congratulated their parents "for the finished sacrifices of their sons ... A warrior's death is never a matter for sorrow. "Just a grain of salt? Mahatma Gandhi Ind Med Gaz. From where I stood I heard the sickening whacks of the clubs on unprotected skulls. The Salt Satyagraha did not produce immediate progress toward dominion status or self-rule for India, did not elicit major policy concessions from the British,[83] or attract much Muslim support. For Gandhi, satyagraha went far beyond mere "passive resistance" and became strength in practising nonviolent methods. The Salt March, also known as the Salt Satyagraha, Dandi March and the Dandi Satyagraha, was an act of nonviolent civil disobedience in colonial India led by Mahatma Gandhi. [63], There were outbreaks of violence in Calcutta (now spelled Kolkata), Karachi, and Gujarat. [78], Vithalbhai Patel, former Speaker of the Assembly, watched the beatings and remarked, "All hope of reconciling India with the British Empire is lost forever. [50] To keep up their spirits, the marchers used to sing the Hindu bhajan Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram while walking. Mahatma Gandhi beendet seinen Salzmarsch ( Deutschlandfunk Kalenderblatt) Der Salzmarsch ist heute zentraler Begriff der Befreiung der indischen Kolonie von der britischen Vormacht. | Adlibris I wish I could believe this non-interference was due to any real change of heart or policy. Gandhi forderte seine Landsleute auf, es ihm unter Verzicht von Gewalt gleichzutun, was in ganz Indien geschah: Nicht nur seine Anhänger begannen, ihr Salz selbst zu gewinnen, indem sie Salzwasser in einer Schüssel in die Sonne stellten und verdunsten ließen, sondern auch andere Inder beteiligten sich. Those struck down fell sprawling, unconscious or writhing in pain with fractured skulls or broken shoulders. The Salt March to Dandi, and the beating by British police of hundreds of nonviolent protesters in Dharasana, which received worldwide news coverage, demonstrated the effective use of civil disobedience as a technique for fighting social and political injustice. Familjen befann sig precis under brahmanerna (prästerna) och kshatriyerna (ädlingar och krigare). "[64], During the first phase of the civil disobedience movement from 1929 to 1931 there was a Labour government in power in Britain. Schools and colleges should become empty. [57][58], A memorial has been created inside the campus of IIT Bombay honouring these Satyagrahis who participated in the famous Dandi March. Weil jede Form der Salzgewinnung, des Salztransports und des Salzhandels den Briten vorbehalten war, wurden an die 50.000 Inder in der Folge verhaftet, darunter fast alle Führer der Kongresspartei Indiens, was den Erfolg der Aktion außergewöhnlich beschleunigte. Dort sammelte er Salz am Meer, und verstieß so gegen das britische Monopol auf Salz in Indien. Mahatma Gandhi (n. 2 octombrie 1869, Porbandar[*] , India – d. 30 ianuarie 1948, Gandhi Smriti[*] , Delhi, Dominion of India[*] ) cu adevăratul său nume Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi a fost părintele independenței Indiei și inițiatorul mișcărilor de revoltă nonviolente. Gandhi started this march with 78 of his trusted volunteers. The Dandi March and the ensuing Dharasana Satyagraha drew worldwide attention to the Indian independence movement through extensive newspaper and newsreel coverage. In Midnapore, Bengalis took part by refusing to pay the chowkidar tax. Another reason for this march was that the Civil Disobedience Movement needed a strong inauguration that would inspire more people to follow Gandhi's example. The obstacles started when he was a child in South Africa where he was discriminated for being an Indian immigrant. Schon vor 2000 Jahren, so hielt ein Mann in Lausanne Mahatma Gandhi vor, habe Jesus die Gewaltfreiheit gepredigt. Mohandas Gandhi was a leader of India ’s independence movement. März 1930 zum "Salzmarsch“ ans Arabische Meer auf. [56], 78 marchers accompanied Gandhi on his march. Dort lassen sie in ihren Händen Wasser verdunsten, bis nur das Salz zurückbleibt. Download » Mahatma Gandhi - The Man Who Became One With The Universal Being - by Romain Rolland (Courtesy: www.archive.org) The Salt Satyagraha was a campaign of nonviolent protest against the British salt tax in colonial India which began with the Salt March to Dandi on March 12, 1930. Am 12 März 1930 begann Gandhi seinen Salzmarsch. Unpopular forest laws were defied in the Maharashtra, Karnataka and Central Provinces. Februar 2021 um 12:50 Uhr bearbeitet. [51] At Surat, they were greeted by 30,000 people. Gandhi sent scouts to each village ahead of the march so he could plan his talks at each resting place, based on the needs of the local residents. Reasons abound as to why the prize had eluded him for so long. [12], The Congress Working Committee gave Gandhi the responsibility for organising the first act of civil disobedience, with Congress itself ready to take charge after Gandhi's expected arrest. [61] British cloth and goods were boycotted. Mit dieser Aktion protestierte Gandhi im Jahr 1930 gegen ein Gesetz, das den Indern verbot, Salz zu gewinnen. She was also the first woman to be arrested in the salt march. From there, he urged women followers in Bombay (now spelled Mumbai) to picket liquor shops and foreign cloth. Lev som om du skulle dö i morgon.” ­ Mahatma Gandhi som var vänsterhänt! It remains to be seen whether the Government will tolerate as they have tolerated the march, the actual breach of the salt laws by countless people from tomorrow. Am Ende begleiteten ihn Tausende. As president of the Indian National Congress and the first woman governor of free India, she was a fervent advocate for India, avidly mobilizing support for the Indian independence movement. [citation needed], Initially, Gandhi's choice of the salt tax was met with incredulity by the Working Committee of the Congress,[15] Jawaharlal Nehru and Dibyalochan Sahoo were ambivalent; Sardar Patel suggested a land revenue boycott instead. An American academic writing for The Nation reported that "60,000 persons gathered on the bank of the river to hear Gandhi's call to arms. The Dharasana Satyagraha went ahead as planned, with Abbas Tyabji, a seventy-six-year-old retired judge, leading the march with Gandhi's wife Kasturba at his side. Mahatma Gandhi führte den berühmten Salzmarsch nach Dandi an Durch das britische Salzgesetz von 1882 wurde bestimmt, dass Inder Salz weder sammeln noch verkaufen durften und eine hohe Abgabe von Steuern verlangt. März 1930, startete Gandhi den Marsch, um sich gegen die "Salzsteuer" der Engländer zu wehren. None of those measures slowed the civil disobedience movement. Gandhi [gaʹndi], Mohandas Karamchand, född 2 oktober 1869, död 30 januari 1948, indisk politiker och andlig ledare, ofta kallad ”mahatma” (stor ande). ist es, was den Salzmarsch des Mahatma Gandhi zur historischen Tat gemacht hat. [8] The satyagraha teachings of Gandhi and the March to Dandi had a significant influence on American activists Martin Luther King Jr., James Bevel, and others during the Civil Rights Movement for civil rights for African Americans and other minority groups in the 1960s. Mahatma Gandhi. In his words: Truth (satya) implies love, and firmness (agraha) engenders and therefore serves as a synonym for force. His efforts earned him the title Mahatma. Mahatma Gandhi menjadi tokoh terkemuka dalam perjuangan India melawan Inggris. Gandhi kämpfte auch mit Sitz- … As I read I became deeply fascinated by his campaigns of nonviolent resistance. Diese Aktion sollte den zivilen Ungehorsam beflügeln und ein Zeichen gegen die Abhängigkeit von zu hohen Steuern durch Großbritannien setzen. Mahatma Gandhi India. [17], Gandhi felt that this protest would dramatise Purna Swaraj in a way that was meaningful to every Indian. The whole concept of Satyagraha (Satya is truth which equals love, and agraha is force; Satyagraha, therefore, means truth force or love force) was profoundly significant to me. Den framstående pacifistledaren har haft en avsevärd påverkan på vårt sätt att tänka, med sin spiritualitet, enkelhet och filosofi om icke-vålds. Gandhi startete mit 78 Begleitern. Oktober 1869: Geburt des Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in Porpandar als ... Auf dem 80 tägigen Salzmarsch vom Ashram von Sabarmati nach Dandi an der Küste schließen sich mehrere Tausend Menschen dem Zug an; an der Küste angekommen, hebt Gandhi eine Handvoll Salzkörner am are not identical with the original print version of the 1960's-1990's. At the finale in Dandi, the prime minister of India, Dr Manmohan Singh, greeted the marchers and promised to build an appropriate monument at Dandi to commemorate the marchers and the historical event. The 24-day march lasted from 12 March 1930 to 5 April 1930 as a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly. [77] United Press correspondent Webb Miller reported that: Not one of the marchers even raised an arm to fend off the blows. When Gandhi broke the British Raj salt laws at 6:30 am on 6 April 1930, it sparked large scale acts of civil disobedience against the salt laws by millions of Indians. After making illegal salt there, he too was arrested by the British. [49], Thousands of satyagrahis and leaders like Sarojini Naidu joined him. 5 1 1. [40] Gandhi remarked, "On bended knees I asked for bread and I have received stone instead. More than thirty years later, Satyagraha and the March to Dandi exercised a strong influence on American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr., and his fight for civil rights for blacks in the 1960s: Like most people, I had heard of Gandhi, but I had never studied him seriously. 13 18 2. "[17], Gandhi had a long-standing commitment to nonviolent civil disobedience, which he termed satyagraha, as the basis for achieving Indian sovereignty and self-rule. As I delved deeper into the philosophy of Gandhi, my skepticism concerning the power of love gradually diminished, and I came to see for the first time its potency in the area of social reform. Upon arriving at the seashore on 5 April, Gandhi was interviewed by an Associated Press reporter. On 12 March 1930, Gandhi and 78 satyagrahis, among whom were men belonging to almost every region, caste, creed, and religion of India,[44] set out on foot for the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat, 385 km from their starting point at Sabarmati Ashram. 8 Jahre seines Lebens hinter Gittern. Mäerz 1930 op de sougenannte „Salzmarsch“ opzebriechen. [20] Expectations were heightened by his repeated statements anticipating arrest, and his increasingly dramatic language as the hour approached: "We are entering upon a life and death struggle, a holy war; we are performing an all-embracing sacrifice in which we wish to offer ourselves as oblation. This call to arms was perhaps the most remarkable call to war that has ever been made."[42][43]. Mahatma Gandhi and his followers during the Salt March protests, India, March or April 1930. You will be beaten, but you must not resist: you must not even raise a hand to ward off blows." The twenty four day march lasted from 12 March 1930 to 6 April 1930 as a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly. Mengutip dari Encylcopaedia Britannica, Mahatma Gandhi lahir di Porbandar, India pada 8 Oktober 1869 dan meninggal pada 30 Januari 1948.. Mahatma Gandhi dikenal sebagai sosok yang sangat … [32], Gandhi prepared the worldwide media for the march by issuing regular statements from Sabarmati, at his regular prayer meetings and through direct contact with the press. Salzmarsch - demonstration . I have also called it Love-force or Soul-force." Der Salzmarsch war die spektakulärste Kampagne, die Gandhi während seines Kampfes um Unabhängigkeit initiierte. Kapanganakan: 2 Oktubre 1869. The entire platoon was arrested and many received heavy penalties, including life imprisonment. Gandhi gave interviews and wrote articles along the way. [14] Violation of the Salt Act was a criminal offence. Thousands of women, from large cities to small villages, became active participants in satyagraha. Only after threatening to expose British censorship was his story allowed to pass. Gandhi chose the 1882 British Salt Act as the first target of satyagraha. Am 5. Mahatma Gandhi . [3], After making the salt by evaporation at Dandi, Gandhi continued southward along the coast, making salt and addressing meetings on the way. We believe also that if any government deprives a people of these rights and oppresses them the people have a further right to alter it or abolish it. März 1930 hatte sich Mahatma Gandhi mit einer Schar von Mitstreitern aus seinem Ashram auf den rund 200 Meilen langen Weg zum Meer gemacht. Behind him is his second son Manilal Gandhi and Mithuben Petit. Hänet tunnetaan väkivallattoman vastarinnan satyagrahan kehittäjänä. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi föddes 1869 i den lilla staden Porbandar i västra Indien. Dieser Artikel beschäftigt sich mit der Kampagne Mohandas Gandhis. [27] Gandhi later claimed that success at Bardoli confirmed his belief in satyagraha and Swaraj: "It is only gradually that we shall come to know the importance of the victory gained at Bardoli ... Bardoli has shown the way and cleared it. Hans arv är olikt alla andras. Lebenslauf des Mahatma Gandhi Autor: Eva Stahl, 02/2001 • 2. Zum Abschluss des 24-tägigen sog. [66], In Peshawar, satyagraha was led by a Muslim Pashtun disciple of Gandhi, Ghaffar Khan, who had trained 50,000 nonviolent activists called Khudai Khidmatgar. [67] On 23 April 1930, Ghaffar Khan was arrested. » Mahatma Gandhi: An Interpretation - by E. Stanley Jones. Gandhi suspended the protest, against the opposition of other Congress members. Gandhi picked up grains of salt at the end of his march. Danach durften die Inder ihr Salz selbst aus dem Meer gewinnen. Der Salzmarsch war die spektakulärste Kampagne, die Gandhi während seines Kampfes um Unabhängigkeit initiierte. Es war ein einfallsreicher Protest gegen das Salzmonopol der britischen Kolonialmacht. Even though salt was freely available to those living on the coast (by evaporation of sea water), Indians were forced to buy it from the colonial government. 27 31 8. These measures did not appear to have any effect on the movement...", "Indian, British, and world opinion increasingly recognized the legitimate claims of Gandhi and Congress for Indian independence. Mahatma Gandhi – fredsapostel på blodbestänkt väg. [35] The 24-day march would pass through 4 districts and 48 villages. 23 24 1. The march gathered more people as it gained momentum, but the following list of names consists of Gandhi himself and the first 78 marchers who were with Gandhi from the beginning of the Dandi March until the end. Immer mehr Menschen schlossen sich Gandhis Marsch an. Explaining his choice, Gandhi said, "Next to air and water, salt is perhaps the greatest necessity of life." For that reason, he recruited the marchers not from Congress Party members, but from the residents of his own ashram, who were trained in Gandhi's strict standards of discipline. [71] Usha Mehta, an early Gandhian activist, remarked that "Even our old aunts and great-aunts and grandmothers used to bring pitchers of salt water to their houses and manufacture illegal salt. Lyssna från tidpunkt: 56 min-tor 01 nov 2018 kl 07.00. In a public meeting at Tuticorin, he said: Suppose, a people rise in revolt. Non-Violence Peace. Der Salzmarsch oder die Salz-Satyagraha von 1930 war eine Kampagne Mahatma Gandhis, die das Salzmonopol der Briten brechen sollte und letztlich zur Unabhängigkeit Indiens von Großbritannien führte. [81] Civil disobedience continued until early 1931, when Gandhi was finally released from prison to hold talks with Irwin. Hunderttausende folgen Gandhi und laufen gemeinsam fast 400 Kilometer weit zum Meer. We believe therefore, that India must sever the British connection and attain Purna Swaraji or complete sovereignty and self-rule. "[79] Miller's first attempts at telegraphing the story to his publisher in England were censored by the British telegraph operators in India. In India, he is known as ‘Father of […] Millions saw the newsreels showing the march. Gandhi gave speeches attacking the salt tax as inhuman, and the salt satyagraha as a "poor man's struggle". Hinzu kam, dass sie das gewonnene Salz nicht nur für private Zwecke benutzten, sondern es auch steuerfrei weiterverkauften. In two or three minutes the ground was quilted with bodies. Insgesamt doch wohl eher erfolglos, angesichts des Urteils der Geschichte. [1] The march spanned 240 miles (390 km), from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, which was called Navsari at that time (now in the state of Gujarat). 64 65 10. [13][38] His strongest appeal to Irwin regarded the salt tax: If my letter makes no appeal to your heart, on the eleventh day of this month I shall proceed with such co-workers of the Ashram as I can take, to disregard the provisions of the Salt Laws. Dagegen wollte Gandhi protestieren. Der Salzmarsch oder die Salz-Satyagraha von 1930 war eine Kampagne Mahatma Gandhis, die das Salzmonopol der Briten brechen sollte und letztlich zur Unabhängigkeit Indiens von Großbritannien führte.

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