Were you able to agree on the proposed destination? Luxembourgish citizens aged 18 or over on polling day and resident in Luxembourg. For example, if the meeting is about air pollution, then environment ministers will meet. In 2019, they took place from 23 to 26 May. Countries with multiple constituencies are: Germany, Italy and Poland use a different system, whereby parties are awarded seats based on their nationwide vote as in all of the states that elect members from a single constituency; these seats are given to the candidates on regional lists. The European Commission is made up of 27 members â one president and 26 commissioners (including the vice-presidents). European Union. You often hear in the news that 'Brussels' has decided this and that. The Council takes its decisions by a majority vote and in some cases unanimously. Let's pretend that you are ministers at the Council of the European Union and want to put the proposed destination to a vote by double majority. The last European elections were held in spring 2019.The next ones will be held in 2024. Any people aged 18 or over on polling day and legally resident in the European Union at the time of candidature. HOW IS THE EU RELEVANT TO YOUR DAILY LIFE?  The Constitution failed ratification but these amendments have been carried over to the Treaty of Lisbon, which came into force in 2009. Duff sees the next Commission President possibly coming from the transnational list. Seanad elections. The draft laws are available on the EU website. European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are current registered residents in Sweden and have submitted a notification to be listed on the electoral roll. Most of the member states of the European Union elect their MEPs with a single constituency covering the entire state, using party-list proportional representation. The United Kingdom and Gibraltar left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Find out more here. Do you recognise some of the members from your own country? The European Council, which is essentially the EU’s chief executive body, comprises the 28 member countries’ leaders, all democratically elected. The Spitzenkandidaten are not directly-elected by citizens, but rather by Members of the European Parliament. Yes, EU citizens residing in Germany can take part in European elections in Germany if on election day, they are aged 18 or over. Thirdly, as a European citizen, you can make your own voice heard by taking part in online public consultations. Are you all of the same opinion or do you need to take a vote like in the Council? a Included Gibraltar, but not any other BOT (including the SBAs), nor the Crown dependencies. Second, the European Parliament is composed of representatives—known as members of the European Parliament, or MEPs—who are directly elected by the citizens of each EU member state. There are numerous other groups, including communists, greens, regionalists, conservatives, liberals and eurosceptics. Europarties have the exclusive right to campaign for the European elections; their parliamentary groups are strictly forbidden to campaign and to spend funds on any campaign-related activity. As a European citizen, you can influence EU policies in several ways. 25 members are needed to form a political group, and at least one quarter of the EU countries must be represented within the group. If no agreement can be reached, the proposal is withdrawn. The European Parliament is the voice of the citizens. Voters vote for a party and each party decides who their candidates are and the order in which they will be elected. No country trusts their people to directly elect ministers in a government, that is the purpose of the winning party; to choose reliable specialists with substantial knowledge on the matter. European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day and who are enrolled on the voting register in Finland and whose municipality of residence, as defined by law, is in Finland on the 51st day before election day, unless he/she has lost the right to vote in the Member State whose citizen he/she is.  While European political parties have the right to campaign EU-wide for the European elections, campaigns still take place through national election campaigns, advertising national delegates from national parties. In addition, the right to vote is included in Articles 20(1) and 22(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The low turnout creates a problem for the President's legitimacy, with the lack of a "European political sphere", but analysis claim that if citizens were voting for a list of candidates for the post of president, turn out would be much higher than that seen in recent years.. With the Lisbon Treaty now in-force, Europarties are obliged from now-on to put forward a candidate for President of the European Commission; each Presidential candidate will, in fact, lead the pan-European campaign of the Europarty. They can of course modify proposals or reject them altogether. The Parliament takes decisions on European laws jointly with the Council. Each member state returns a fixed number of members of the European Parliament (MEPs); from six, for smaller member states like Malta, Luxembourg and Cyprus to ninety-six for Germany, the largest. The Parliament is directly elected by EU citizens every five years. As an example, you can read about the Parliament's resolution to reduce plastic bag use in Europe here. The precise day of elections is set by each Member State. Elect representatives for regional and local subdivisions, as well as mayors and other local representatives. Please put each institution in the correct box below. Before making a proposal, the Commission seeks the opinions of national parliaments, governments, interest groups and experts, as well as the general public, who are invited to make their comments online. Elections to the European Parliament in 2019 were held between 23 and 26 May 2019. The Parliament is directly elected by EU citizens every five years. The President of the European Parliament Jerzy Buzek proposed in 2010 that Commissioners be directly elected, by member states placing their candidate at the top of their voting lists in European elections. There are plans to strengthen the European political parties in order for them to propose candidates for the 2009 election. Once you graduate from university, you can apply for an EU traineeship. The Council of the European Union, sometimes called the Council of Ministers, is where representatives of all 28 member countries negotiate. The last European elections were held in spring 2019.The next ones will be held in 2024. This was partly put into practice in 2004 when the European Council selected a candidate from the political party that won that year's election. Greek citizens aged 17 or over on polling day who are resident in another EU member state, registered in the electoral roll in a Greek municipality or community and have submitted an application to vote overseas to the Greek embassy or consulate in their country of residence, European Union citizens aged 17 or over on polling day, resident in Greece and registered in the electoral roll. European Union citizens resident in Luxembourg for at least 2 years, aged 18 or over on polling day and enrolled in the electoral list. Easy. Finally, EU citizens can launch or support a European citizens' initiative. The United Kingdom, historically up until its exit from the Union, was split into. A person who has been divested of their active legal capacity with regard to the right to vote and a person who has been convicted of a crime and is serving sentence in a penal institution, cannot vote. European Union citizens aged 25 or over, unless deprived of legal capacity. The Council of the European Union represents the governments of the EU countries. Under Article 17 of the EU treaty, as amended by the Lisbon Treaty, the Commission President is formally proposed by the European Council (the 28 heads of government of the EU member states), by a qualified-majority vote, and is then ‘elected’ by a majority vote in the European Parliament. Put a cross in the box against the institution(s) that match(es) the description. For example, if the meeting is about taxation or security issues, all ministers must be in agreement for a decision to be taken. Until 2019, 751 MEPs were elected to the European Parliament, which has been directly elected since 1979.  They failed to do so however the European People's Party did select Barroso as their candidate and, as the largest party, Barroso's term was renewed. Election of Members of the European Parliament in the seats each time allocated to Greece shall be effected by direct, universal and secret ballot by the citizens entitled to vote in accordance with the provisions of Articles 4, 5 and 6 of the Presidential Decree. These two institutions debate, amend and pass EU law. Elections to the European Parliament take place every five years by universal adult suffrage, and with more than 400 million people eligible to vote, it is considered the second largest democratic elections in the world.. The Parliament elects the President of the European Commission and approves the 27 members of the Commission as a body. For example, who is the current President of the European Commission? European Union citizens eligible to vote, unless they have been convicted of an action that in the public opinion makes them unworthy of being a. European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day and whose address is entered in the population register. You can make your voice heard or simply get the information you are looking for about the EU in your own language either at the representations of the European Commission in each EU country or from the Europe Direct information centres. Bulgarian citizen who has attained the age of 21 years by polling day, does not hold the citizenship of any State that is not a Member State of the European Union, is not interdicted, does not serve a custodial sentence, has a permanent address in the Republic of Bulgaria, and has resided in the Republic of Bulgaria or in another Member State of the European Union at least during the last six months. European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are recorded in the register kept by the Municipal Council of their municipality of residence (. ", "The EP elections: Deepening the democratic deficit", "Resolution ELDR Congress in Berlin 18–19 October 2007", "Socialists want US-style primaries for commission president candidate", "Barroso admits legitimacy problem for commission president post", EP president suggests election of future EU commissioners, "Judgment of the European Court of Justice of 12 September 2006, Case C-145/04, Kingdom of Spain v United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland", "Les conditions d'électorat pour les différentes élections - Elections européennes et régionales 2009", "Le droit de vote des Belges résidant dans l'Union européenne et des citoyens européens résidant en Belgique, pour l'élection du Parlement Européen - Elections européennes et r", "L'obligation de vote - Elections européennes et régionales 2009", "La candidature pour les différentes élections - Elections européennes et régionales 2009", "ELECTION CODE Promulgated, State Gazette No. If this sounds like a career you might be interested in, then you could start as a trainee. European Union citizens who are entitled to vote, registered with and entered into the voting register in Finland and not lost the right to stand as a candidate in elections in his/her home state. have been living for more than three months in Germany or in another EU country. Το δικαίωμα του εκλέγειν έχουν οι πολίτες Έλλη-νες και Ελληνίδες που συμπλήρωσαν το δέκατο έβδομο (17ο) έτος της ηλικίας τους». No country trusts their people to directly elect ministers in a government, that is the purpose of the winning party; to choose reliable specialists with substantial knowledge on the matter. Take a closer look here. Click here for contact details. It also approves the budget of the European Union. Since 1979, it has been elected by EU voters every 5 years. One million people, or just 0.2 % of the EU population, from at least seven EU countries are needed to launch a European citizens' initiative. The largest political group in the European Parliament will normally decide who the President of the European Commission is, so your vote will help determine that as well. A deeper and fairer economic and monetary union, 3 Consists of (only) one representative/member per EU country, 7 Represents the interests of EU countries/their governments, 8 Decides on the interpretation of EU laws, 9 Defines the general political direction of the EU. European Union citizens over the age of 21, not otherwise disqualified from election to the, Italian citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident in other EU member states and have submitted an application to the Italian consulate, Italian citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident outside the. This is because human beings take decisions and shape policies. European Union citizens resident in France, aged 18 or over on polling day and enrolled in the electoral register. It shares power over the EU budget and legislation with the Council of the European Union. 3–45. The Parliament has 705 members from all EU countries. Therefore, following the victory of the European People's Party in the 2014 EP election, its lead candidate Jean-Claude Juncker was elected President of the European Commission. No other EU institution is directly elected, with the Council of the European Union and the European Council being only indirectly legitimated through national elections. It is therefore possible for a person to have the choice of voting in more than one EU member state. They do not form groups according to their nationality. European Union citizens at least 21 years of age and satisfying the requirements of the right to cast a vote, except members of the. More about the 2019 European elections results This is the job of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union. A 1980 analysis by Karlheinz Reif and Hermann Schmitt concluded that European elections were fought on national issues and used by voters to punish their governments mid-term, making European Parliament elections de facto national elections of second rank. No change in this configuration can occur without the unanimous consent of all governments. Since the first direct elections in 1979, European elections are held every five years. The Presidency of the Council is shared by the member states on a rotating basis. Article 1 (1) of the PD. The only directly elected EU body, this represents the EU’s 500 million inhabitants and plays a key role in electing the President of the European Commission. There are 3 main institutions involved in EU legislation: 1. the European Parliament, which represents the EU’s citizens and is directly elected by them; 2. the Council of the European Union, which represents the governments of the individual member countries. To be eligible to vote, you need to be an EU citizen, at least 18 years old, who is registered in the local area. A system of proportional representation is used to elect MEPs in all 26/2012 'Codification in a single text of the provisions of the legislation on the election of Members' (A 57). The work of the Council is led by each EU country in turn for a period of 6 months. The candidate lists would have to represent a third of member states and are seen as a way to personalise and dramatise the elections to re-engage an apathetic electorate. 26/2012 (A 57) is replaced by the following: «1. You now know a lot about the European institutions, but do you know the names and faces of the people leading them? They form the two largest groups, (called EPP and S&D respectively) along with other smaller parties. European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are registered in the register of citizens for at least 45 days before polling day, unless a statutory limitation is imposed for reasons of protection of health or withdrawal or legal capacity. European Union citizens resident in Belgium, aged 18 or over on polling day, entered in the population register or in the foreigners' register of their commune of residence and enrolled in the electoral register. There are approximately 33 000 people working for the Commission. Turnout had constantly fallen in every EU election from 1979 until 2014. Fourthly, you can have your say about what is happening in the European Union during the many citizens' dialogues that take place across the EU. Lithuania was one of the first countries in the world to grant women a right to vote in the elections. Leader of a parliamentary democracy that is selected by the legislative branch. European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident in Poland and registered to vote. 25 extra MEPs would be added on a transnational European list with its candidates being selected by the European party groups rather than national member parties. The Council of the European Union, sometimes called the Council of Ministers, is where representatives of all 28 member countries negotiate. Because the Member States want to keep strict control of the EU. The citizens of other Member States of the European Union have the right to vote, as provided for in Law 2196/1994 (A 41). The EU Council, which represents the Member States, elects every 6 month its president, respecting a rotation of States. Some, such as former President of the European Parliament, Pat Cox, have also noted that turnout in the 1999 election was higher than the previous US presidential election. And who are the other people in the photos? And the same is true for the EU. Test yourself below. The European Commission is the 'executive body' of the EU. 1 του άρθρου 4 του Π.δ. EU citizens are allowed to vote in local elections on most issues, but not for mayors. Each candidate led the pan-European campaign of the Europarty. In this scenario, although the Portuguese citizen qualifies to vote in three EU member states, he/she is only permitted to cast one vote in one of the member states. Try out the voting calculator on the Council's website to see how this system works: One of you represents the European Commission and takes 1 minute to argue in favour of a certain destination. Without the Council and without the ministers from all EU countries, nothing can get done in the European Union. Again, the European Parliament is … Free movement of goods, services and capital in the EU, A common currency in 19 EU countries: the euro, 5. The Socialists, disappointed at the 2009 election, agreed to put forward a candidate for Commission President at all subsequent elections. Until 2019, 751 MEPs were elected to the European Parliament, which has been directly elected since 1979.Since the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU in 2020, the number of MEPs, including the president, has been 705. European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day and resident in Denmark, unless deprived of legal capacity. Before making proposals for new EU laws and throughout the whole decision-making process, the European Commission seeks the opinions of citizens and stakeholders.