, The Museum of Yugoslav History has collections from the Yugoslav era. In 1968, major student protests led to several street clashes between students and the police. On top of this, there are many parks, monuments, museums, cafés, restaurants and shops on both sides of the river. British fashion designer Roksanda Ilincic, who was born in the city, also frequently presents her runway shows in Belgrade. Throughout the 19th and early 20th century, small communities of Aromanians, Czechs, Greeks, Germans, Hungarians, Jews, Turks, Armenians and Russian White émigrés also existed in Belgrade.  The Nobel Prize winning author Ivo Andrić wrote his most famous work, The Bridge on the Drina, in Belgrade. On 29 November 1945, Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaimed the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in Belgrade (later to be renamed to Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on 7 April 1963). The Belgrade Stock Exchange is also located in New Belgrade, and has a market capitalisation of €6.5 billion (US$7.1 billion). Generalni sekretar Udruženja banaka Srbije, Vladimir Vasić, izjavio je danas da je za treći moratorijum otplate dugova stiglo oko 32.000 zahteva od oko 600 miliona evra, a da je, prema poslednjem preseku, obrađeno oko 9.000 zahteva i odobren zastoj za 90 miliona evra. With enrolment numbers of nearly 90,000 students, the university is one of Europe's largest.  Belgrade was made the seat of the Pashalik of Belgrade (also known as the Sanjak of Smederevo), and quickly became the second largest Ottoman town in Europe at over 100,000 people, surpassed only by Constantinople. , On 9 March 1991, massive demonstrations led by Vuk Drašković were held in the city against Slobodan Milošević. , The city is also home to 195 primary (elementary) schools and 85 secondary schools. Aurignacian and Gravettian tools have also been discovered near the area, indicating some settlement between 50,000 and 20,000 years ago.  The most famous Belgrade IT startups, among others, are Nordeus, ComTrade Group, MicroE, FishingBooker, and Endava. "O…, U poslednja 24 sata, u Crnoj Gori je od posledica kovida preminulo osam osoba, testirana su 1.433 uzorka i potvrđena 234 novoobolela, saopštio je Institut za javno zdravlje u Podgorici. Around €3.5 billion will be jointly invested by the Serbian government and their Emirati partners. Northern Belgrade remained the southernmost Habsburg post until 1918, when it was attached to the city, due to former Austro-Hungarian territories becoming part of the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes after World War I. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia from its creation in 1918 to its dissolution in 2006.  Elements of Serbo-Byzantine Revival are present in buildings such as House of Vuk's Foundation, old Post Office in Kosovska street, and sacral architecture, such as St. Mark's Church (based on the Gračanica monastery), and the Temple of Saint Sava. An Ottoman city map from 1863 counts only 9 Muslim quarters (mahalas). The names of only five such neighbourhoods are known today: Ali-pašina, Reis-efendijina, Jahja-pašina, Bajram-begova, and Laz Hadži-Mahmudova. , The First World War began on 28 July 1914 when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.  The City of Belgrade itself owns 267,147 square metres (2,875,550 square feet) of rentable office space. It remained a hotel until 1903 before being demolished in 1938.  In 829, Khan Omurtag was able to add Singidunum and its environs to the First Bulgarian Empire. Belgrade has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), according to Köppen climate classification, with four seasons and uniformly spread precipitation.  In 471, it was taken by Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths, who continued into Italy.  Most of the city remained under German occupation until 20 October 1944, when it was liberated by the Red Army and the Communist Yugoslav Partisans. He shot the first motion pictures of Belgrade in the next year; however, they have not been preserved. Belgrade has two state universities and several private institutions of higher education. The highest officially recorded temperature in Belgrade was 43.6 °C (110.5 °F) on 24 July 2007, while on the other end, the lowest temperature was −26.2 °C (−15 °F) on 10 January 1893.  City GDP in 2019 at purchasing power parity was estimated at $52.1bn USD, which was $32,572 per capita in terms of purchasing power parity.. на Българската академия на науките, 1993, стр. Of great importance also was the construction of independent Serbian political and cultural institutions, as well as the city's now-plentiful parks. Belgrade hosts many annual international cultural events, including the Film Festival, Theatre Festival, Summer Festival, BEMUS, Belgrade Early Music Festival, Book Fair, Belgrade Choir Festival, Eurovision Song Contest 2008, and the Beer Fest.    European Union National Institutes for Culture operates a cluster of cultural centres from the EU. Less active downhill creep areas include the entire Terazije slope above the Sava (Kalemegdan, Savamala), which can be seen by the inclination of the Pobednik monument and the tower of the Cathedral Church, and the Voždovac section, between Banjica and Autokomanda. He conceptualised a regulation plan for the city in 1867, in which he proposed the replacement of the town's crooked streets with a grid plan.  Within the city proper, on Cetinjska Street, a skull of a Paleolithic human dated to before 5000 BC was discovered in 1890. Belgrade Marathon is held annually since 1988. At the same time, an interest in joining the European mainstream allowed Central and Western European architecture to flourish.  There are several Starčevo sites in and around Belgrade, including the eponymous site of Starčevo.  Having developed with much of the rest of the city in the 19th century, several university buildings are recognised as forming a constituent part of Belgrade's architecture and cultural heritage.  According to various media outlets, there were between 100,000 and 150,000 people on the streets.  Many prominent IT innovators began their careers in Belgrade, including Voja Antonić and Veselin Jevrosimović. The museum houses a collection of more than 400,000 exhibits (over 5600 paintings and 8400 drawings and prints, including many foreign masters like Bosch, Juan de Flandes, Titian, Tintoretto, Rubens, Van Dyck, Cézanne, G.B. In 1843, on Dubrovačka Street (today Kralj Petar Street ), Serbia's knez Mihailo Obrenović built a large edifice which became the first hotel in Belgrade: Kod jelena ('at the deer's'), in the neighbourhood of Kosančićev Venac. , The first farming people to settle in the region are associated with the Neolithic Starčevo culture, which flourished between 6200 and 5200 BC.  In 34–33 BC, the Roman army, led by Silanus, reached Belgrade. , In May 1868, knez Mihailo was assassinated with his cousin Anka Konstantinović while riding in a carriage in his country residence. , In 1999, during the Kosovo War, NATO bombings caused damage to the city. Tiepolo, Renoir, Monet, Lautrec, Matisse, Picasso, Gauguin, Chagall, Van Gogh, Mondrian etc.) Some of these tools are of Mousterian industry—belonging to Neanderthals rather than modern humans.  The motorway system provides for easy access to Novi Sad and Budapest to the north, Niš to the south, and Zagreb to the west. It is divided into 14 Secretariats, each having a specific portfolio such as traffic or health care, and several professional services, agencies and institutes. The University of Belgrade, founded in 1808 as a grande école, is the oldest institution of higher learning in Serbia. , During the summer and fall of 1941, in reprisal for guerrilla attacks, the Germans carried out several massacres of Belgrade citizens; in particular, members of the Jewish community were subject to mass shootings at the order of General Franz Böhme, the German Military Governor of Serbia. Expressway is also toward Pančevo and new Expressway construction toward Obrenovac (Montenegro) is scheduled for March 2017.  Today, it is the centre of the Serbian hip hop scene, with acts such as Beogradski Sindikat, Bad Copy, Škabo, Marčelo, and most of the Bassivity Music stable hailing from or living in the city. After a prolonged battle which destroyed much of the city, starting on 6 October 1915, Belgrade fell to German and Austro-Hungarian troops commanded by Field Marshal August von Mackensen on 9 October of the same year. Beside paintings, the most valuable are Moon rocks donated by Apollo 11 crew Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins while visiting Belgrade in 1969 and from mission Apollo 17 donated by Richard Nixon in 1971. On 3 September 1939 the first Belgrade Grand Prix, the last Grand Prix motor racing race before the outbreak of World War II, was held around the Belgrade Fortress and was followed by 80,000 spectators. The main usage of system was to connect the suburbs with the city centre. Belgrade (/ ˈ b ɛ l ɡ r eɪ d / BEL-grayd; Serbian Cyrillic: Београд, romanized: Beograd, lit. The first Buddhist temple in Europe was built in Belgrade in 1929.  The museum was closed in 2007, but has since been reopened in 2017 to focus on the modern as well as on the Yugoslav art scenes. , In recent years, Belgrade has also given rise to several world-class tennis players such as Ana Ivanovic, Jelena Janković and Novak Djokovic. The S-train network, BG Voz, run by city government in cooperation with Serbian Railways, is a part of the integrated transport system, and has three lines (Batajnica-Ovča and Ovča-Resnik and Belgrade centre-Mladenovac), with more announced.  All of these decorations were received for the war efforts during World War I and World War II. , Lying on the main artery connecting Europe and Asia, as well as, eventually, the Orient Express, Belgrade has been a popular place for travellers through the centuries. Gradski Štab za vanredne situacije…, U Srbiji će sutra biti pretežno sunčano i toplo vreme, dok se u toku noći očekuje postepeno naoblačenje, saopštio je Republički hidrometeorološki zavod (RHMZ). GORAN Bogdan gostovao je u emisiji "Ko sam tebi i šta sam sebi” na srbijanskoj K1 televiziji u kojoj je govorio o svom životu i glumačkoj karijeri. RTS 1 Uživo. On the territory covered by the General Urban Plan there are 1,155 recorded mass wasting points, out of which 602 are active and 248 are labeled as the 'high risk'.  Yugoslavia was then invaded by German, Italian, Hungarian, and Bulgarian forces.  They are mostly located in the artificial loess hills of Zemun: Gardoš, Ćukovac and Kalvarija.  In the following years, urban planner Emilijan Josimović had a significant impact on Belgrade. Belgrade was a candidate to host 1992 and 1996 Summer Olympic Games. Belgrade has an extensive public transport system consisting of buses (118 urban lines and more than 300 suburban lines), trams (12 lines), trolleybuses (8 lines) and S-Train BG Voz (6 lines). As a result, the city was heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe on 6 April 1941, killing up to 2,274 people. Budite u toku sa političkim, društvenim i poslovnim trendovima Austro-Hungarian monitors shelled Belgrade on 29 July 1914, and it was taken by the Austro-Hungarian Army under General Oskar Potiorek on 30 November.  Many people came to the city as economic migrants from smaller towns and the countryside, while tens of thousands arrived as refugees from Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo, as a result of the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s..  It is used for major sporting events and large concerts. Belgrade's population grew to 239,000 by 1931 (with the inclusion of Zemun), and to 320,000 by 1940. In 1961, the conference of Non-Aligned Countries was held in Belgrade under Tito's chairmanship. Most of the subsequent Balkan offensives occurred near Belgrade. One of the characteristics of the city terrain is mass wasting.  Nearby, Josip Broz Tito's mausoleum, called The House of Flowers, documents the life of the former Yugoslav president.  Other TV stations broadcasting from Belgrade include 1Prva (formerly Fox televizija), Nova, N1 and others which only cover the greater Belgrade municipal area, such as Studio B. High-circulation daily newspapers published in Belgrade include Politika, Blic, Alo!, Kurir and Danas.  Basil II (976–1025) installed a garrison in Belgrade. Aimed at improving Belgrade's cityscape and economy, the project hopes to revitalise the Sava amphitheatre, a neglected expanse on the right bank of the Sava river between the Belgrade Fair and the former Belgrade Main railway station. Belgrade (/ˈbɛlɡreɪd/ BEL-grayd; Serbian Cyrillic: Београд, romanized: Beograd, lit. , After the war, Belgrade became the capital of the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929.   Following Byzantine reconquest, the Byzantine chronicle De Administrando Imperio mentions the White Serbs, who had stopped in Belgrade on their way back home, asking the strategos for lands; they received provinces in the west, towards the Adriatic, which they would rule as subjects to Heraclius (610–641). The Starčevo culture was succeeded by the Vinča culture (5500–4500 BC), a more sophisticated farming culture that grew out of the earlier Starčevo settlements and also named for a site in the Belgrade region (Vinča-Belo Brdo). By: Heaton, Colin D., World War II, 08984204, Jan98, Vol. LAOLA1.tv setzt somit erfolgreich auf die ständig steigende Konvergenz von TV, Internet und Mobilfunk (Multiscreen, inkl. , The oldest public structure in Belgrade is a nondescript Turkish türbe, while the oldest house is a modest clay house on Dorćol, from late 18th century. Apart from Belgrade Waterfront, the city is under rapid development and reconstruction, especially in the area of Novi Beograd, where many apartment and office buildings are under construction to support the burgeoning IT sector, now one of Serbia's largest economic players. The festival, which collaborates with London Fashion Week, has helped launch the international careers of local talents such as George Styler and Ana Ljubinković. Smart-TV, Tablet und Mobile) und bietet zahlreiche exklusiv produzierte Online Videos und Video-LIVE-Streams von sportlichen Spitzenevents in bester HD-Qualität. [Note 1] In a fatally strategic position, the city has been battled over in 115 wars and razed 44 times, being bombed five times and besieged many times.. There are, on average, 31 days a year when the temperature is above 30 °C (86 °F), and 95 days when the temperature is above 25 °C (77 °F). As the capital city, Belgrade is seat of all Serbian state authorities – executive, legislative, judiciary, and the headquarters of almost all national political parties as well as 75 diplomatic missions. Since the early 2000s Belgrade again hosts major sporting events nearly every year. , In 1427, Stefan's successor Đurađ Branković, returning Belgrade to the Hungarian king, made Smederevo his new capital. However, Istanbul—the capital city of the state to which Belgrade and Serbia de jure still belonged—underwent similar changes.  Josip Broz Tito died in May 1980 and his funeral in Belgrade was attended by high officials and state delegations from 128 of the 154 members of the United Nations from both sides of the Iron Curtain, based on which it became one of the largest funerals in history. Belgrade hosted major international events such as the Danube River Conference of 1948, the first Non-Aligned Movement Summit (1961), the first major gathering of the OSCE (1977–1978), Eurovision Song Contest (2008), as well as sports events such as the first FINA World Aquatics Championships (1973), UEFA Euro (1976), Summer Universiade (2009) and EuroBasket three times (1961, 1975, 2005).  With the new 2010 City statute, they were all given equal status, with the proviso that suburban ones (except Surčin) have certain autonomous powers, chiefly related with construction, infrastructure and public utilities..   The project includes office and luxury apartment buildings, five-star hotels, a shopping mall and the envisioned 'Belgrade Tower'.
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