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Furthermore, Saarbrücken houses the administration of the Franco-German University (Deutsch-Französische Hochschule), a French-German cooperation of 180 institutions of tertiary education mainly from France and Germany but also from Bulgaria, Canada, Spain, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Great Britain, Russia and Switzerland, which offers bi-national French-German degree programs and doctorates as well as tri-national degree programs. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. On 4 August 1870 the French left Saarbrücken, driven away towards Metz in the Battle of Spicheren on 6 August 1870. Die Corona-Krise setzte dem Landestourismus Saarland bis Oktober 2020 stark zu. From 1990 to 1993, students and an arts professor from the town first secretly, then officially, created an invisible memorial to Jewish cemeteries. 210 Author: Klaus Mayer und Theo Zell Publication: Location: Saarwellingen; Date: 1995;: 2: Die Einwohner der katholischen Pfarrei Reisweiler von 1799 bis 1899, S. 281 Nr. In 1697 France was forced to relinquish the Saar province, but from 1793 to 1815 regained control of the region. Often employing area bombing, the RAF used total of at least 1,495 planes to attack Saarbrücken, killing a minimum of 635 people and heavily damaging more than 8,400 buildings, of which more than 7,700 were completely destroyed, thus dehousing more than 50,000 people. In 1947, France created the nominally politically independent Saar Protectorate and merged it economically with France to exploit the area's vast coal reserves. [8] The area was incorporated into France for the first time in the 1680s. [13], In 1321/1322[6] Count Johann I of Saarbrücken-Commercy gave city status to the settlement of Saarbrücken and the fishing village of St Johann on the opposite bank of the Saar, introducing a joint administration and emancipating the inhabitants from serfdom.[8]. Historic landmarks in the city include the stone bridge across the Saar (1546), the Gothic church of St. Arnual, the 18th-century Saarbrücken Castle, and the old part of the town, the Sankt Johanner Markt (Market of St. Johann). Das Saarland ist damit neben Bremen das einzige westdeutsche Bundesland, in dem die Bevölkerungszahl zurückgegangen ist. [9], Toward the end of the 4th century, the Alemanni destroyed the castra and vicus Saravus, removing permanent human presence from the Saarbrücken area for almost a century. Ende 2019 waren von den Einwohner 55,7 % Katholiken, 17,1 % Protestanten und 27,3 % hatten entweder eine andere oder gar keine Religionszugehörigkeit. [5], There are two theories about the origin of the second part of the name Saarbrücken. 1184 Das Saarland ist mit 55,7 % das einzige Bundesland mit einer katholischen Bevölkerungsmehrheit. Saarbrücken became capital of the Saar territory established in 1920. Sie hat etwa 19.000 Einwohner und liegt mit dem Stadtteil Höchen an der Grenze zu dem Bundesland Rheinland-Pfalz. Zur aktuellen Meldung Corona-Pandemie. From 13 to 14 January, the RAF raided Saarbrücken three times, targeting the railway yard. After the German defenders of Stiring-Wendel fell back to Saarbrücken on 12 and 13 March 1945,[22] the 70th Infantry Division still faced a strong segment of the Siegfried Line, which had been reinforced[23] around Saarbrücken as late as 1940. Auch für 2019 ist die Einwohnerzahl rückläufig. The modern city of Saarbrücken was created in 1909 by the merger of three towns, Saarbrücken, St. Johann, and Malstatt-Burbach. Kennzeichnend für dieses Gebiet sind Moorbildungen. the Society for Environmentally Compatible Process Technology, several institutes focusing on transfer of technology between academia and companies, and the, This page was last edited on 19 March 2021, at 16:02. The treaty also provided for a plebiscite, at the end of the 15-year period, to determine the territory's future status, and in 1935 more than 90% of the electorate voted for reunification with Germany, while only 0.8% voted for unification with France. 8th of 16: Website: www.saarland.de: Saarland (/ ˈ s ɑːr l æ n d /, also US: / ˈ z ɑːr-/, German: [ˈzaːɐ̯lant] ; French: Sarre) is a state of Germany in the west of the country. During the Franco-Dutch War, King Louis XIV's troops burned down Saarbrücken in 1677, almost completely destroying the city such that just 8 houses remained standing. In 1935, the Saar territory rejoined Germany and formed a district under the name Saarland. Bildnachweis: Pixabay. Siehe auch.. Dort stieg die Einwohnerzahl 2019 weiter an. In Hinblick auf das Verhältnis von Einwohnerzahl und Fläche sind die … Saarbrücken (/ s ɑːr ˈ b r ʊ k ən /, also US: / z ɑːr ˈ-, ˈ s ɑːr b r ʊ k ən, ˈ z ɑːr-/, German: [zaːɐ̯ˈbʁʏkn̩] (); French: Sarrebruck; Rhine Franconian: Saarbrigge [zaːˈbʁɪɡə]; Latin: Saravipons) is the capital and largest city of the state of Saarland, Germany.Saarbrücken is Saarland's administrative, commercial and cultural centre and is next to the French border. From the 1st century AD to the 5th century,[9] there was the Gallo-Roman settlement called vicus Saravus west of Saarbrücken's Halberg hill,[10] on the roads from Metz to Worms and from Trier to Strasbourg. ... Saarland Museum (Alte Sammlung, Museum in der Schlosskirche, Moderne Galerie) und Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte, Historisches Museum Saar, Stadtgalerie, Saarländisches Künstlerhaus. [8] When Julius Caesar conquered Gaul in the 1st century BC, the area was incorporated into the Roman Empire. The coal and iron resources of the region were developed: in 1852, a railway connecting the Palatine Ludwig Railway with the French Eastern Railway was constructed, the Burbach ironworks started production in 1856, beginning in 1860 the Saar up to Ensdorf was channeled, and Saarbrücken was connected to the French canal network.[8]. Products included iron and steel, sugar, beer, pottery, optical instruments, machinery, and construction materials. The Saarland Hurricanes are one of the top American football teams in the country, with its junior team winning the German Junior Bowl in 2013. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Trier's Katholische Hochschule für Soziale Arbeit, a Fachhochschule for social work, was closed in 2008 for cost cutting reasons. Die Stadt Sulzbach/Saar ist insgesamt 1.613 Hektar groß, hat derzeit (30.06.2019) 17.412 Einwohner/innen und besteht aus den Stadtteilen Sulzbach, Neuweiler, Altenwald, Hühnerfeld, Brefeld und Schnappach. This page was last edited on 9 July 2019, at 09:59. During the reign of Prince William Henry from 1741 to 1768, the coal mines were nationalized and his policies created a proto-industrialized economy, laying the foundation for Saarland's later highly industrialized economy. The damage cannot have been grave, as the castle continued to exist. The name Saar stems from the Celtic word sara (streaming water), and the Roman name of the river, saravus. Mit einer geringen Vorlaufzeit kann das bayerische Modell auch in den saarländischen Schulen kurzfristig vor Ort umgesetzt werden. Im Jahr 2020 war der natürliche Anstieg negativ, da die Anzahl der Todesfälle die Anzahl der Lebendgeburten um 206.619 überstieg. [7], The Saar area came under the control of the Franks towards the end of the 5th century. 1: Die Einwohner der katholischen Pfarrei Reisweiler vor 1815, Seite 089 Nr. Dazwischen liegt das Sankt Ingbert-Kirkeler Waldgebiet. [8], In 1793, Saarbrücken was captured by French Revolutionary troops and in the treaties of Campo Formio and Lunéville, the county of Saarbrücken was ceded to France. Faltblatt Gesundheit im Saarland 2019 ; Faltblatt Landwirtschaft im Saarland 2019 ; Faltblatt Hochschulen im Saarland 2019 ; Covid-19. Saarbrücken became capital of the Bundesland (federal state) Saarland. The castle of Sarabrucca was located on a large rock by the name of Saarbrocken overlooking the river Saar. Die Einwohnerzahlen aller Städte und Gemeinden in Saarland mit mehr als 15.000 … [14] The Royal Air Force raided Saarbrücken's railway station with 5 DH9s on 31 July 1918, on which occasion one DH9 crashed near the town centre.[15]. Hierzulande gab es 2019 3.600 Bewohner weniger als im Jahr zuvor, teilte das Statistische Bundesamt am heutigen Freitag (19. However, fighting for Stiring-Wendel, especially for the Simon mine, continued for days. Various sporting events are held at the Saarlandhalle, most notable of which was the badminton Bitburger Open Grand Prix Gold, part of the BWF Grand Prix Gold and Grand Prix tournaments, held in 2013 and 2012. 0 - … The most popular theory states that the historical name of the town, Sarabrucca, derived from the Celtic word briga (hill, or rock, big stone[5]), which became Brocken (which means rock or boulder) in High German. [7] Together with several Kindergartens offering bi-lingual French-German education, Saarbrücken thus offers a full bi-lingual French-German formal education. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License ; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply. Gegenüber der Jahresmitte 2018 betrug der Rückgang sogar knapp 4.000 Personen, wie aus dem Statistischen Jahrbuch hervorgeht, das das Statistische Amt erstmals nach 18 Jahren öffentlich … The Saarland's Fachhochschule for administrative personnel working for the government, the Fachhochschule für Verwaltung des Saarlandes, was moved from Saarbrücken to Göttelborn in 2012. ", "Brücken an der mittleren Saar und ihren Nebenflüssen [Bridges in the middle Saar and its tributaries]", "Ausgrabungen im Kreuzgangbereich des ehem. You can search for specific tables using this form. So können Abstände in den Schulen eingehalten, Kontakte reduziert und der öffentliche … Study about memory neurons. [7], The oldest documentary reference to Saarbrücken is a deed of donation from 999, which documents that Emperor Otto III gave the "castellum Sarabrucca" (Saarbrücken castle) to the Bishops of Metz. February 2021 Researchers from … The population of all counties in the State of Saarland. [18] However, the name actually predates the oldest bridge in the historic centre of Saarbrücken, the Alte Brücke, by at least 500 years. It is located on the fore-court of the Saarbrücken Castle. [6] A minority opinion holds that the historical name of the town, Sarabrucca, derived from the Old High German word Brucca (in German), meaning bridge, or more precisely a corduroy road, which was also used in fords. Saarland is mainly surrounded by the department of Moselle (Grand Est) in France to the west and south and the neighboring state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germanyto the north a… English: Bexbach is a town and a municipality in the Saarpfalz district, in Saarland, Germany. The modern city of Saarbrücken was created in 1909 by the … Communes and counties within the boundaries of 31 December 2020. Home → Europe → Germany. The British Royal Air Force (RAF) raided Saarbrücken at least 10 times. Saarbrücken is the state capital and largest city; other cities include Neunkirchen and Saarlouis. [16] Saarland is a state of Germany in the west of the country. With the end of coal mining in the Saar region, Saarbrücken's Fachhochschule for mining, the Fachhochschule für Bergbau Saar, was closed at the beginning of the 21st century. Die Einwohnerzahl im Saarland ist im vergangenen Jahr im Saarland gesunken. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, nationality, country of birth, religion). In order to analyse the use and to improve our websites, we would like to use cookies. Germany: Saarland. After the RAF mistakenly bombed Saarlouis instead of Saarbrücken on 1 September 1942, it raided Saarbrücken with 118 planes on 19 September 1942, causing comparatively little damage as the bombing scattered to the west of Saarbrücken due to ground haze. Saarbrücken became capital of the new Saar state. USAF killed a minimum of 543 people and heavily damaged more than 4,400 buildings, of which more than 700 were completely destroyed, thus depriving more than 2,300 people of shelter. The Royal Naval Air Service raided Saarbrücken with 11 DH4s on 17 October 1917, and a week later with 9 HP11s. Since the 1st or 2nd century AD,[7] a wooden bridge, later upgraded to stone,[6] connected vicus Saravus with the south-western bank of the Saar, today's St Arnual, where at least one Roman villa was located. FC Saarbrücken, which also has a reserve team and a women's section. After the administrative reform of 1974, the city had a population of more than 200,000. On 28 August 1942, 113 RAF planes raided Saarbrücken doing comparatively little damage due to widely scattered bombing. Saarland verliert Einwohner. The building of Saarbrücken's bi-lingual French-German Deutsch-Französisches Gymnasium, founded in 1961 and operating as a laboratory school under the Élysée Treaty, also houses the École française de Sarrebruck et Dilling, a French primary school which offers bi-lingual German elements. [8], After 1815 Saarbrücken became part of the Prussian Rhine Province. Explanation: Population estimates after 2011 are based on the results of the 2011 census. Nördlich von Homburg reicht der Kreis in die westpfälzische Moorniederung hinein. Lower league SV Saar 05 Saarbrücken is the other football team in the city. With an area of 2,570 km (990 sq mi) and population of 995,600 in 2015, it is the smallest German state in both area and population apart from the city-states of Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg. Saarbrücken is Saarland's administrative, commercial and cultural centre and is next to the French border. Die Statistik bildet die Einwohnerzahl im Saarland in den Jahren von 1960 bis 2019 ab. During the Thirty Years' War, the population of Saarbrücken was reduced to just 70 by 1637, down from 4500 in 1628. Table Search by keyword. Hier finden Sie nähere Informationen zu Zeiten von Covid-19, insbesondere wenn Covid-19 Einfluss auf Ihre zu meldende Statistik hat, aber auch, wo Sie aktuelle Daten zur Corona-Pandemie finden. Targeting mostly the marshalling yards, a total of at least 2,387 planes of the 8th. Centuries later the Stift, and in 1046 Merkingen, took on his name, giving birth to St Arnual. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres (27,239.58 sq mi), … Saarbrücken is connected by the city's public transport network to the town of Sarreguemines in France, and to the neighboring town of Völklingen, where the old steel works were the first industrial monument to be declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994 – the Völklinger Hütte. Juni 2020) mit. Einwohner von Metz Métropole studiert! This is how Keyword Search works: 1) Put together your selection using the keyword list. Counties. So verringerte sich die Zahl der Saarländer im ersten Halbjahr um 2.251 Personen und lag am 30. städtisch Tagesmütter Insg. Source: Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland (web). Stiftes St. Arnual, Saarbrücken 1996–2004", "Abbreviated History of the 70th Infantry Division", "Sprengstoffanschlag auf Wehrmachtsausstellung", Climate Summary for Saarbrücken from Weatherbase.com, "Sonnenscheindauer: langjährige Mittelwerte 1981 – 2010", "Die Bevölkerung Saarbrückens im Jahr 2013", "Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research : About HIPS", "Intel Visual Computing Institute: Bridging Real and Virtual Worlds", "Le comité de jumelage de Coucy-le-Château reprend du service", states of the Federal Republic of Germany, Institutional seats of the European Union, Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Saarbrücken&oldid=1013020470, Jewish communities that were destroyed in the Holocaust, Articles needing additional references from November 2009, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles lacking reliable references from August 2019, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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